The concept of violent entertainment does precisely that. It influences the mind and actions of the public through different forms of media, whether we are talking about film, theatre, or literature. It is present in everyday life, forming a world where real horrors are shrouded with the veil of artistry.
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The popularity of this kind of entertainment rises with social and political circumstances through centuries, in times of war and chaos, which gives the audience a kind of reassurance that good will prevail over evil, and that the horrors enacted on stage or in film are just representations of their own fears which the times that they live in can, and will, possibly bring in the future. It is, indeed, like Artaud states, the idea of a perpetual conflict within us that manifests through theatrical representations, which are like dreams, bloody and inhuman, and yet so similar to that which we call la bete humaine a human beast , or the monster within us all.
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The representation of the monster that exists in the Grand-Guignol theatre is also present in contemporary film and media. The influence of the theatre of horror is greatly visible in such contemporary works, where a set of gruesome scenes in the Grand-Guignol fashion clearly depicts the influence of the performance style and the contemporary use of special effects, while, on the other hand, it gives a visual approach of the atmosphere of obscurity and fear. It controls the audience with this exchange of emotions during the plays.
Therefore, it differs from cinema by omitting all possible chance for the audience to control the course of violent imagery, as well as time and place of the action. New York: Grove Press, Goldstein, Jeffrey.
The Attractions of Violent Entertainment. Hand, Richard, and Wilson Michael. UK: University of Exeter Press, Pierron, Agnes. Paris: Edition Robert Laffont, Zola, Emile. Naturalism on the Stage, The Experimental Novel and Other Essays. Belle L. HR EN.
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- Contemporary French Theatre and Performance | French Studies | Oxford Academic.
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Abstract During the sixty-year period of its existence, Grand-Guignol, the French theatre of horror, gained a status of a legendary theatre which dealt with horrors and terrors of human mind, successfully connecting faits divers common, everyday facts with the erotic and titillating scenes of violence on stage. Keywords : French theatre, Grand-Guignol, violence, performance, entertainment Hidden amongst the decadence and sleaze of Pigalle with its roughnecks and whores, in the shadows of a quiet, cobbled alleyway, stands a little theatre.
The spectators take up their seats in the auditorium eager for the show to begin, if only to escape the eerie mood of their surroundings. In this case the mind is so entirely filled with its object, that it cannot entertain any other, nor by consequence reason on that object which employs it. This style of naturalist plays formed the foundations for the Grand-Guignol theatre in the way of melodramatic performances, which consisted of les douches eccossaises , hot and cold showers of comedy and horror exchanged during the plays to make the audience jump off their seats.
These short dramatic pieces consisted of faits divers , in-your-face facts from the Parisian political situation and social life of the time. He incorporated a mixture of comedy and horror in the performances, in order to embellish all emotion that the audience might feel, offering them a sense of security, in spite of the violence they witness on stage. At a later moment, the daughter comes into the room and declares that she wants to contribute financially to the household by becoming a prostitute, like her older sister. The decision was greeted by the rest of the family members with enthusiasm and approval.
This kind of addressing often produced a state of shock in the audience, in a way that it directly criticized the viewers and indicated the deviancy of human nature as well as the society and its members. His experiences as a man of law that were embedded in his plays gave way to a new and different style of naturalism. Grand-Guignol drama is a form of realism, which has an effect on the performance style of the actors and the execution of special effects in the moment of violence: [The] actor must contend with two primary opposing problems in order to pull off the moment of violence.
They must completely inhabit the psychology and physicality of the violence as though it is real. At the same time, they must disengage from the moment, in a sense, in order to execute the technical demands of the stage violence performing elaborate stage — fight choreography; bursting blood bags on cue; manipulating blood — rigged knives and other specialty props etc. While doing all this, each actor must maintain the arc of the play and remain aware of and open to the other actors on the stage.
Hand, Wilson 34 Goldstein reports that real violence activates aggressive associations, images, and emotions , so the question that arises from this notion is does realism represented on stage enhance or diminish the acceptance or appeal of violent images. Only time to rest in the violence-to fully explore it, not only as it relates to the character, to the text, and even to the audience, but equally as it relates to the actor personally in the physical, emotional and psychological way-will allow the moment its real boldness, its real immediacy and its real terror.
Hand, Wilson 38 Therefore, the actors have to be aware of the moment of horror during their performances in order to fully enact the moment of violence without the difficulties they may encounter through this manipulation of time, which again brings forth their acting skills and the building of the climax on stage. Audiences enjoy being frightened, as the movie box office has continued to prove.
It was a good night out.
Theatre in Paris for non-French speakers
In Hand, Wilson Works Cited Artaud, Antonin. The Theater and Its Double. Mulvey, Laura. The festival is an opportunity for young up-and-coming artists as well, providing a national and international showcase for their work. A hub of reflection and exchange, the FTA features several parallel activities films, exhibits, readings, workshops, symposia, debates, etc. Graduated in administration from he University of Buenos Aires, he became an actor with the Timbre 4, joining the team of Paseo La Plaza between and Since he has been the general producer of Timbre 4 and a part of the group managing the theatre.
The edition of the festival will play host to performances from Spain, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, France and other provinces in Argentina. FIT Rio Preto is characterized by a program of great artistic value, aesthetic, and critical reflection. In addition, the programming of shows and training activities are aimed at democratizing production, access, and the enjoyment of cultural goods and services. Karlien Vanhoonacker started her professional career as a journalist for the VRT.
Kris was Encounters Curator for Magnetic North Theatre Festival Ottawa and has worked extensively across Canada for some of its most significant festivals and artists. LIFT has been at the forefront of ground-breaking international theatre since , making and supporting radically open work that disrupts convention, has the power to unite strangers, celebrates our shared humanity and explores the political and social urgencies of our times. In recent years LIFT has represented 66 countries and commissioned over 40 new productions and events from around the world.
Its most recent festival took place in summer and reached over k audience members through a program that stretched the breadth of London, from a disused golf course in Thamesmead to the iconic Tower of London, bringing over international and homegrown artists and participants together across 7 weeks of critically-acclaimed performances. Lisa Gilardino is a performing arts curator, creative producer, and manager based in Bologna IT. After studying contemporary arts history in Italy and France, she assumed responsibility for the promotion and the international relations of Lenz Rifrazioni theatre group and worked as general manager and artistic advisor at Natura Dei Teatri Arts Festival from to Parma, IT.
Since she has worked as a freelance manager, providing promotion, development, and advising services for artists. She works with major Italian artists such as Motus and Alessandro Sciarroni. Since , she has been running workshops and one-to-one advisory sessions on management and creative production in Italy and abroad. About the Festival de Santarcangelo: Santarcangelo Festival is a lively, vibrant, and surprising arts and performance festival bringing the most groundbreaking and exciting contemporary creations to a small beautiful town on top of a hill in Northern Italy.
He is a guest curator of Lisette festivals that showcases in several Brazilian cities. He is the editor of the book Filo 40 years — Historic report. He frequently participates in lectures and encounters in Lisette festivals in Brazil and abroad. Based on values such as democratization, respect, and cultural diversity, FILO has built its legacy on facilitating encounters between traditional and new creators in performing arts. Every year, the festival proposes a dialogue with the most diverse audiences — from young people to adults — which cultivates a faithful audience.
Besides occupying city theaters, FILO presents a great number of shows in parks and squares of the city of Londrina, gathering together around 40, people in each edition. He is the creator and coordinator of the Festivals Observatory — an organization for the diffusion of information, reflections and research on theater festivals in Brazil. He has written several articles published in specialized journals in Brazil and abroad.
Since Castillo Works as cultural manager in both public and private initiatives, currently he works as international advisor in cultural and political management as well as creative economy. He is executive director, producer and actor at Teatro La Cochera since As an actor, he has created more than 15 shows presented in Argentina and abroad. It invites cultural producers from several countries to entertain Argentinian music and performing arts proposals with the intent of selling them to their festivals, theaters and cultural spaces.
Each edition, the guests have access to business meetings, showcases, and international exchanges and collaborations targeting national and international curators and artistic directors. From January — April he was Head of Events and Exhibitions at the Royal Shakespeare Company, establishing a new department focussed on developing new work and new audiences. From — , he was the Artistic Director of Fierce! He also holds posts at a number of arts and cultural organizations and is an Advisory Board Member of the Science and Industry Museum.
The next Festival takes place July 4thst, Launched in as an artist-led festival presenting new works from across the spectrum of performing arts, visual arts, and popular culture, MIF works with cultural organizations across the world, ensuring work made in Manchester is seen around the globe. In , MIF was confirmed as the operator of The Factory, a world-class cultural space being developed in the heart of Manchester.
He has written about theater in Scotland since the lates, contributing theatre reviews, interviews, arts features and travel articles to newspapers and magazines in Scotland and around the world. His early work experiences were in the financial market before moving to Buenos Aires where he studied acting at Timbre 4. He worked at the Cultural Ministry of the City of Buenos Aires and since is general producer for Timbre 4 and part of the group that manages the space. About the NAC: The National Arts Center is the only bilingual, multidisciplinary performing arts centre in Canada, and one of the largest in the world.
The NAC collaborates with artists and arts organizations across Canada to help create a national stage for the performing arts, and acts as a catalyst for performance, creation and learning across the country. In , she was appointed Executive Director of the Ford Theatres, a 1,seat historic amphitheatre in the Hollywood Hills.
Born in Santa Clara, Cuba.
Every January, the Chilean capital and several other cities become the perfect landscape for the performing arts and encounters with audiences. The festival presents theater, dance, music, performance, circus, visual arts and cinema from Chile and all over the world. Chilean and Latin-American creators meet with producers and cultural manager from all over the world with the intention of globally promoting and expanding the performing arts.
Pau Estrem is a cultural agent based in Barcelona with a Masters in European Projects Administration and a background in dance and theatre. Additionally, during the last years, Pau has worked as a local producer for festivals such as Grec Festival and Quinzena Metropolitana de Dansa Spain , as well as developing and managing PRO areas, networks and activities of different international performing arts markets. Founder and artistic director of Danseu Festival, international dance festival in Les Piles, Catalonia. Main action points of the festival are: training, creation, program and new audiences development.
Paula Giuria was born and lives in Montevideu, Uruguay. For 8 years, for one week in May, artists, cultural managers, students, curators and the audiences in general gather in Montevideo to participate in this encounter. Year after year we reflect over distinctive elements brought up in sensitive readings and, from this point on, we think about how the festival program should be, either nationally and internationally, always questioning and experimenting different curatorial forms and processes.
She has produced several theater shows, including two international co-productions. He also works in the production of television programs and social projects related to theater. A festival that focuses on the diffusion, formation, and reflection of the theatrical scene through artistic presentations, residences, workshops and meetings to share experiences and knowledge, discuss ideas and creative processes, as well as to strengthen ties of coexistence and stimulate the breakdown of eventual territorial and linguistic barriers.
The program emphasizes the diversity of contemporary dramatic expressions and creates a dialogue between the Theater and the City, in the search for a greater rapprochement with the public. Its 2nd edition will be from 05 to 22 September Paulo Feitosa, Producer and Cultural Manager. Founder and director of the company Quitanda das Artes. It realizes cultural projects in several segments, with emphasis on performing arts direction and curation and music of national and international scope, integrating the managing nucleus of the Brazilian Network of Theater Festivals.
About Quitanda das Artes: Quitanda das Artes has been in existence since its inception in It formed from an understanding of the cultural sector in a broad way — through creation, execution and training, contemplating cultural production, and artistic and cultural diffusion and enjoyment. This global approach allows for a holistic view of the cultural sector and provides in-depth understanding of market functions. The institution is bases itself on: strengthening the cultural ecosystem, training, cultural development, innovation and sustainability.
Pelin Basaran is a curator and producer with extensive experience developing and delivering high-profile contemporary performance projects across Europe. She is currently working as program manager at Contact, Manchester. She founded and worked as director of PARC which supported artistic creation and the presentation of the contemporary performance in Turkey.
We are the leading national theatre and arts venue to place young people at the decision-making heart of everything. At Contact, young people aged genuinely lead, working alongside staff in deciding the artistic program, making staff appointments and acting as full Board members. The result is an outstanding, diverse and accessible artistic program for everyone. Roman Dolzhanskiy b. Graduated from Russian State Theatre Academy in Since — he has been a theater columnist of Kommersant publishing house in Moscow.
Since he has been the vice-artistic director of the State Theatre of Nations in Moscow. About the Territoria Festival: The main goal of the festival-school TERRITORY has always been the unification of professionals of theater, dance, fine and music art and creation of the show, which would acquaint visitors with the most relevant performing arts of different genres. Today these names have already become classics world performing arts, and many of them were brought to Russian audiences for the first time through this festival.
Those that we strongly believe in and want to support. In he created the Festival Cena Brasil Internacional, a festival that aims to present a contemporary panel of national and international theatrical productions and promote the exchange of languages. The festival is in its 8th edition, and has already brought to Brazil 60 foreign shows. In , Sergio prepared and performed the first Brazilian show at the Edinburgh Festival, creating the Circuito Internacional Cena Brasil, which aims to stimulate the circulation of national companies by the biggest international festivals in the world, such as Avignon and Edinburgh.
Experience in one of the creative activities of theatre acting, design, directing, dramaturgy, playwriting will enhance chances of admission. While not required for admission, a working knowledge of a second language is highly desirable. Applicants must also submit two samples of their critical writing e. Please note that due to the nature of our program, students may enter only in the fall quarter, and we do not accept transfer credits from other programs.
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Students selected for admission will be notified after a complete review of the file and all submitted documents and after a personal or telephone interview. Entrance into the program is highly selective.
On average, two students are selected each year. To apply online go to our Admissions Page or email Marybeth Ward at meward ucsd. Faculty Research Areas. Full Bio. Jim Carmody PhD Stanford.